Birm is an efficient and economical method of removing dissolved iron and manganese compounds from raw water supplies. It may be used in either gravity fed or pressurized water treatment systems. Birm acts as an insoluble catalyst to enhance the reaction between dissolved oxygen (D.O. and the iron compounds. In ground waters, the dissolved iron is usually in the ferrous bicarbonate state due to an excess of free carbon dioxide and is not filterable. Birm, acting as a catalyst between the oxygen and the soluble iron compounds, enhance the oxidation reaction of Fe__ to Fe___ and produces ferric hydroxide which precipitates of Birm provide an excellent filter media which is easily cleaned by backwashing to remove the precipitant. Birm is not consumed in the iron removal and therefore offers a tremendous economic advantage over many other iron removal methods.
Birm may also be used for manganese removal with the same dependability to as iron removal. In these applications the water to be treated should have a pH of 8.0 to 9.0 for the best results. If the water also contains iron, the pH should be below 8.5 High ph conditions may cause the formation of colloidal iron which is very difficult to filter out. All other conditions remain the same for either manganese or iron removal.
Advantages : Under the proper conditions, no chemicals to purchase for maintenance. Regeneration not required.
Iron removal efficiency is extremely high
Negligible Labor Cost - only periodic backwashing required
Durable material with a long life and wide temperature range
Weighs only 46- 50 lb./cubic foot. Physical properties : Color - Black
Density - 4-50 lbs./cu. Ft.
Effective Size - 0.61 mm
Uniformity Coefficient - 1.72 Conditions for operation :
Alkalinity should be greater than two times the combined sulfate and chloride Concentration
pH must be greater than 6.8
Dissolved Oxygen (D.O. content must be equal to at least 15% of the iron (or iron and manganese content
Bed Depth - 30 - 36 in.
Backwash Rate - 10 - 12 gpm. Sq. ft. intermittent flow rates and/or favorable conditions may allow higher flow rates
Use as a base in filtration devices up to 1.5 cubic feet (ft
). For larger systems you can use multiple gravel packs. 16 lbs/package
Handy Tool -